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 Equity and Adequacy Data
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Equity Data

Watch SEE's Capitol Pizza video 

Capitol Pizza Frequently Asked Questions

Find out specific information on your SEE district!
See a listing of SEE districts with links to additional material.


Where do you live? Charts comparing the taxpayer cost for the maximum allowed referendum by law plus local optional revenue for each SEE district.  Updated 8/22/21

Inequities When Districts Rely on Local Property Taxes to Compensate for Inadequate Funding

The two largest financial challenges facing schools are the erosion of the per pupil basic formula revenue intended to provide the basic financial support for education and the unfunded cost of mandated special education services.  School districts rely on operating levy revenue from local taxpayers to make up for inadequate state funding with varying degrees of success.   
Comparison Charts for SEE Districts |  List of All School Districts 
Updated 10/1/20

School District Funding Disparities in Operating Revenue 
School districts want to provide the mandated services special education students need to meet their full potential.  However, the full cost of these services varies greatly from one school district to the next.  District use basic formula funding from the state and can access additional revenue through levies paid by their local taxpayers to generate funding to meet the needs of all their students.  See how the unfunded cost of special education services and the ability to access local operating levies create significant funding disparities for different school districts.  Updated 09/25/20

Disparity Charts for SEE Districts  
Charts compare the taxpayer cost of operating levies between school districts  Updated 10/1/20

NEW:  Revenue Trends - Change in revenue per pupil since 2003 when adjusted for inflation. 
State funding for Minnesota’s public schools is inadequate, and the reliance on using local property taxes to fund schools masks the lack of commitment by the state. These graphs show the impact on the average change in revenue per student when adjusted for inflation.  Both the state average and separate graphs for each SEE district are available.  Updated:  8/21/20

District Referendum Effort Data   Updated 10/1/20

Lists each district's current school operating levy and the annual cost to the local taxpayer for that levy.
[pdf] | [Excel
Revenue Disparity
The gap in funding between school districts is growing and most of the growth is due to disparities in referendum revenue between districts.
[In Dollars |  [Percentage]   Updated 10/2/20   
State Aid/Local Levy Ratios
These charts show how equalization aid has eroded for SEE districts since the inception of the equalization aid program in 1993.  Updated 1/25/20

Adequacy Data

The Basic Formula Has Not Kept Up With Inflation
The basic formula is per pupil funding that districts receive from the state. These dollars are meant to provide a basic quality education for all students. The data shows that the basic formula has eroded significantly since 1991 as state leaders have not increased the formula enough to keep up with inflation.
Basic Formula Chart - CPI
Basic Formula Data - CPI
Basic Formula Chart - IPD
Basic Formula Data - IPD
NOTE:  Consumer Price Index (CPI) calculates inflation based on a basket of goods that a consumer would purchase.  Substitutions are allowed, such as swapping pears for apples based on availability and price.  The Implicit Price Deflator (IPD) is based on the cost of state and local government expenditures, which can be a more accurate measure of inflation than CPI  for labor intensive entities like education that face significant price pressures like decades-long double-digit increases for employee health insurance.   Updated 8/23/21

2021-22 Revenue Rankings by District (SEE districts are highlighted)  Updated 8/23/21
[pdf] | [Excel]

Revenue Comparisons for SEE Districts
Compares general education state and local aid by categories to the state average for each SEE district.  Updated 10/6/20

Special Education Cross-Subsidy for Each School District
Shows the estimated unfunded cost to provide mandated special education services for each school district for FY21  Updated 10/6/20

English Learners Funding by School District 
Shows that for most school districts that serve English learners (EL), the unfunded cost of services is significant.  Updated 11/19/20

States Ranked According to K-12 Education Revenue and Spending and Impact on Personal Income 
Federal, state and local taxes fund public education.  The taxpayers living in the states at the top of the chart pay more of their income to support their public schools than taxpayers living in states at the bottom of the chart.  
The information was found in this report from the U.S. Census Bureau FY18 Education Data, the most current report as of 11/19/20

More School Funding Information

Comprehensive School Funding Information

Minnesota School Finance History:  1849 - 2019
Minnesota Department of Education - October 2019

Minnesota School Finance:  A Guide for Legislators
Minnesota House of Representatives
Fiscal Analysis Department
November 2020       

Financing Education in Minnesota 2019-20
Minnesota House of Representatives Fiscal Analysis Department - February 2020

Student Outcomes Information

The 2019 Nation's Report Card
- See how Minnesota students compare nationally, published every two years.

Reading Math
4th grade reading by race 4th grade math by race
8th grade reading by race 8th grade math by race

4th grade reading by income

4th grade math by income
8th grade reading by income 8th grade math by income
4th grade reading by students with disabilities and English language learners 4th grade math by students with disabilities and English language learners
8th grade reading by students with disabilities and English language learners 8th grade math by students with disabilities and English language learners

 Updated 12/20/19

MINNESOTA KIDS COUNT 2020:  Building Bridges to Economic Stability for
Children and Families
November 2020

The Geography of Child Opportunity:  Why Neighborhoods Matter for Equity  (January 2020)

School Funding 101

Learn about education funding and why our schools continue to struggle financially.

Much of the data on this page is explained as SEE”s Deb Griffiths discusses education funding at an event co-hosted by the Northfield School District and the League of Women Voters. 

Click here to watch video